Skip to main content


The status quo in converged Enterprise information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT) networks is physical connectivity with network level segmentation, network-based intrusion detection/prevention (IDS/IDP) predicated on insecure plaintext over-the-wire communications, or a bump-in-the-wire broker-based blockchain fabric overlay. Achieving logical trusted connectivity to implement a cost-effective and highly efficient zero-trust architecture over existing network infrastructures and in-field devices requires a paradigm shift from “cyber threats” to “cyber risks” and from “multi-layer peripheral defense” to “operational resilience at the core” for long-term desirable outcomes with application security by design.

  • Digital transformation requiring trusted intelligence and telemetry to securely operate, monitor and control on-board vehicle equipment
  • Simplified remote vehicle maintenance and servicing
  • Data analytics powered by AI/ML/DS in the cloud
  • Tamper proofing vehicle configuration and command-and-control messaging
  • Data protection with low latency (for safety compliance)
  • Secure intra-vehicle and V2X communications with authentication and encryption
  • Device and security software lifecycle management
  • Unified and scalable workflow for suppliers, manufacturers and technicians
  • Interoperability between automobile manufacturers, service device owners, and independent aftermarket service applications
The market drivers for massive IoT/IIoT

The convergence of IT and OT has been challenged by the dichotomy of workflows from device onboarding to provisioning, monitoring, and in-field updates. Securing device communications (east-west, north-south) in contemporary IoT reference architectures across industry sectors, alongside network segmentation models, requires a deep understanding of methods and protocols for authentication and security. Trusted connectivity to Internet based applications and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) platforms require domain (and cross domain) roots of trust. Post quantum risks to critical infrastructures require quantum resilience by design based on emerged standards and specifications. A cost-benefit analysis for modernization with a do-it-yourself (DIY) design that entails extensive engineering, open-source components, multi-vendor commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components, and/or simplified APIs for low coding requires a strategic balance of technology and public/private collaborations. 

Data to microservices

Data (e.g., device and application intelligence, telemetry, health metrics) to applications at the edge or in the cloud requires low latency and high bandwidth. Trusted data streams to AI/ML foundries with webhooks, for richness of training data feeds, requires labels for verifiable trust using metadata markers, signatures for data authentication, and simplicity of APIs for low coding effort on devices to instrument embedded applications.